National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)

The National Labor Relations Act, NLRA, or Wagner Act is a 1935 United States federal law that protects the rights of employees in the private sector to discuss organizing and workplace issues with coworkers, engage in collective bargaining, and take part in strikes and other forms of protected concerted activity in support of their demands. The act also created the National Labor Relations Board which conducts elections which, if voted in favor of representation, awards labor unions with a requirement for the employer to engage in collective bargaining with this union. The Act does not apply to workers who are covered by the Railway Labor Act, agricultural employees, domestic employees, supervisors, federal, state or local government workers, independent contractors and some close relatives of individual employers